The organizations were founded in the name of Sri Ramakrishna (1836-1886), the 19th century saint and spiritualist from Bengal, whose life was a watershed in the history and culture of modern India, having deep repercussions all around the world. Sri Ramakrishna’s chief disciple, Swami Vivekananda (1863-1902), who was one of the most revolutionary leaders of the present age in both thought and action, brought the twin organizations into existence to represent Sri Ramakrishna and his mission on earth.
Sri Ramakrishna was born on 18 February, 1836, in the small village of Kamarpukur about ninety-seven kilometres northwest of Calcutta. His parents, Kshudiram Chattopadhyaya and Chandramani Devi, were brahmins of pious and virtuous nature, albeit poor. The child was christened Gadadhar, the name denoting a form of Lord Hari.
Sri Ma Sarada Devi
Sri Sarada Devi was born on 22nd December 1853, to a poor Brahmin family in Jayrambati, a village in West Bengal. Her parents, Ramachandra Mukhopadhyay and Shyama Sundari Devi, were pious and hard-working souls whose kind and loving nature influenced the upbringing of little Sarada, the girl destined to grow up to be the spiritual consort of Sri Ramakrishna
Swami Vivekananda was born to Vishwanath Datta and Bhuvaneshwari Devi, in an affluent family in Calcutta on 12 January 1863. He was christened Narendranath Datta – often colloquially shortened to Naren. Vishwanath Datta was a successful attorney with a broad range of interests, and Bhuvaneshwari Devi was a versatile lady of strong character and deep piousness.